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SEW-CABULARY: Beginners Sewing Terms!

Posted by the_sewingshop@yahoo.com on February 16, 2018 at 6:55 PM

Pattern

In sewing and fashion design, a pattern is the template from which the parts of a garment are traced onto fabric before being cut out and assembled. These can be made from scratch or purchased like the sewing patterns in the photo above.

Right and Wrong Side of Fabric

Often patterns or sewing directions will refer to the "right" and "wrong" side of fabric. The "right" side is the printed side of the fabric, it is usually the most vibrant of the sides. The "wrong" side typically looks like a faded version of the right side, fabrics with obvious patterns are easier to distinguish right and wrong sides apart from each other.

Raw Edge

A raw edge is, basically, the edge of the fabric that hasn’t had anything done to it after cutting.

Seam Allowance


The distance between the stitching line and the raw edge of a piece of fabric. Most commercial patterns have a 5/8″ seam allowance.


Backstitch


This secures the beginning and ending of sewing projects. When you "backstitch," you sew forwards a few stitches, then you sew in reverse for a few stitches. After doing this, you continue on with your project in the forward motion. This creates a "tie" and keeps your hard work from unraveling.

Baste


Long stitches that temporarily hold your fabric in place. The longer the length of the stitches makes them easier to remove once the basteing is no longer needed. This stitch is often done to hold fabric in place before final sewing is done.

Stitch length


Most machines have a button or dial that allows you to change stitch length, this is the amount of space between each stitch.

Finish seams


Finishing seams is important for your project to stay together without unraveling. For sturdy, heavier fabrics, trimming with pinking shears is sufficient. (These are the scisssors with little "teeth," that cut out  triangles in a row). With lighter fabrics, running a zig-zag stitch next to the cut edge will prevent unraveling.

Selvage

Selvage is the self-finished edge of fabric. The selvages are located on either finished edge of fabric and are made while the fabric is being manufactured, usually on a loom.

Grainline

The grainline runs parallel to the selvage.

Crossgrain

The cross grain runs perpendicular to the selvage.

Bias

True bias is a cut made on an angle, 45 degrees to the selvage. This direction allows for the most stretch. Bias refers to any line diagonal to the crosswise and lengthwise grains.





If you ever have any sewing, quiling, or embroidery questions please call us at (318)869-1739.


Thank you for reading our blog,

The Sewing Shop

1267 Shreveport Barksdale HWY

Shreveport, LA 71105

(318)869-1739

the_sewingshop@yahoo.com

thesewingshopshreveport.com


Categories: Sewing, Quilting, Embrodiery

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